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Unified Journal of medicine and Medical Sciences

November 2015 Vol 1(2), pp. 006-011

Copyright 2015 Unified Journals

Original Research Article

Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings in patients presenting to Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana

Stephen Tabiri1*, Akanbong Prosper2 and Atiku Adam2

1Department of Surgery, University for Development Studies, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana
2Department of Internal Medicine, University for Development Studies, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tamale Teaching Hospital, Ghana

Corresponding Author's Email: kstephenba@yahoo.com

Accepted 2nd October, 2015.


Abstract


Background and objectives:Patients with dyspeptic symptoms are generally referred for upper gastrointestinal (UGI) endoscopy, which is the reference standard for diagnosis. The objective of the present study was to categorize the reasons for referral for UGI endoscopy and to evaluate the clinical findings of patients presented to the Tamale Teaching Hospital in Northern Ghana.
Materials and methods:This study was a retrospective review of medical records from patients presented to the Tamale Teaching Hospital between October 2010 and October 2014 for UGI endoscopy indications. Data including clinical diagnosis, endoscopy findings, Campylobacter-like organism test results, and histopathology reports were collected and evaluated.
Results: During the study period, a total of 2414 (1215 female, 1199 male) patients with a mean age of 40.2 16.6 years (range: 289 years) were referred for UGI endoscopy. The primary major complaints were epigastric pain (58.9%), dyspepsia (18.4%), recurrent vomiting (8.9%), hematemesis (6.7%), and dysphagia (6.4%). Important endoscopic findings were gastric ulcer (25.6%), gastritis (22.1%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (17.3%),duodenal ulcer (10.3%),UGI bleeding (6.7%), gastric tumor (4.6%), and esophageal tumor (4.1%).
Conclusion: The prevalence of severe UGI disease in this patient cohort suggests that additional centers are needed in northern Ghana for more timely detection.

Keywords: Endoscopy; Gastrointestinal diseases; Health resources.

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Cite This Article

Stephen Tabiri, Akanbong Prosper and Atiku Adam. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings in patients. Unified Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 1(2) 2015 pp. 006-011.




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